The Fashion Revolution campaign began in response to the devastating 2013 Rana Plaza garment factory collapse in Bangladesh. Five years on, we speak to Fashion Revolution Australia’s Melinda Tually about how far things have come.
We all start our ethical fashion journeys in different ways.
For some of us it’s the joy of supporting worthy causes while we shop, for others it’s the love of clothes and discovering innovative new brands that push the envelope on sustainability.
But for many of us, it was the harrowing scenes of a fatal garment factory collapse in Bangladesh that woke us to the reality of fast-fashion and its human cost.
This April 24th 2018 marks the five-year anniversary of Rana Plaza. More than 1,100 people were killed when the cramped, dangerous building collapsed in on itself – the result of too many floors and too many people working in sweatshop conditions to make cheap clothes for consumers in the west.
Just after Rana Plaza happened, Melinda Tually, was in the UK for a conference with Fashion Revolution founders Carry Somers and Orsola de Castro.
Mel put her hand up to lead antipodean efforts and went from being an ethical homewares retailer to the driving force of Fashion Revolution in Australia and New Zealand.
“I think Rana Plaza was the line in the sand that the industry needed,” she says. “Voluntary mechanisms had only got the industry so far – but I think having the largest lost of life in the industry’s history was a jolt to everyone to realise it needed something more.”
In the wake of the disaster, the five-year Bangladesh Fire & Safety Accord was formed. The groundbreaking agreement between brands, unions and factory managers was signed by more than 200 clothing companies.
“We know the Accord has achieved some great successes in safety conditions. It covers about 1600 factories and they’ve corrected almost 100,000 hazards,” she said.
The Accord has seen one unnamed multinational apparel brand paying $2.3 million USD over long-delayed safety fixes. Separately, the factory owner Sohel Rana is facing murder charges over the collapse and was last year jailed in a corruption case.
“Whilst there are some factories that are still behind schedule, it’s really changed the landscape in terms of safety,” Melinda says. “In essence [the Accord] is fulfilling its mandate, which is preventing another Rana Plaza.”A new, more comprehensive, accord is expected to kick in next month. The new agreement has been expanded to include union rights for workers and will cover homewares as well as people further up the fashion supply chain. It’s already been signed by brands such as Uniqlo, H&M and Zara’s owner Inditex, although some brands who signed the original Accord are yet to come on board…
While the Bangladesh Accord addresses safety in that country, the Fashion Revolution movement advocates for a more responsible, fair and transparent fashion industry across the globe.
Fashion Revolution is powered by volunteers in 100 countries. In 2017 more than 2.5 million people took part in the campaign- contacting brands on social media and attending events on Fashion Revolution week.
“The Revolution is powered by everyone,” Melinda says. “Consumers have a huge role to play, brands have a massive stake. You kind of need everyone at the table- no one group will solve these issues.”
The most iconic Fashion Revolution campaign is Who Made My Clothes? This simple concept works on two levels. It asks us to think about the humans whose hands stitch together the clothes we wear, as well as encourages brands to literally publish the details of their supply chain.
Melinda believes this kind of transparency is the key to moving towards a fairer fashion industry.
“The thing the thing that’s difficult is lack of ability to associate ourselves with garment workers, because it is out of sight out of mind,” she says. “I think when you can see something in plain sight you are much more motivated to address that issue.”
“[With Who Made My Clothes] what we’re trying to do is bring those faces forward and hear their voice. That’s why it’s not just a poster campaign, it’s about stories, it’s about hearing their voice, hearing their experiences, their trials and tribulations. Things like The Garment Worker Diaries, which was a year-long project assessing the financial diaries of garment workers in Cambodia, India and Bangladesh. You hear things like ‘oh they earn $65 a month, $37 a month’ – what does that actually mean daily in terms of how many meals, what could they afford to eat, can they go to the doctor?”
Melinda believes the fashion industry is much more transparent than in was five years ago. And she says the best thing we can do is keep asking brands to be even more open, to show them we care about where our clothes come from.
“If people want to see the change in the brands they love – and we want to keep shopping with the brands we love because we like to feel good – they should ask the brands that they wear who made their clothes,” she says. “If brands are hearing from their own customers then they know ‘ok our customers want to know more, they want us to be more engaged, or they want that information’.”
Fashion Revolution week runs from 23rd – 29th April 2018.
Find your country’s Fashion Revolution hub here.
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